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This queue is for tickets about the PAR-Packer CPAN distribution.

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The Basics
Id: 67311
Status: resolved
Priority: 0/
Queue: PAR-Packer

People
Owner: RSCHUPP [...] cpan.org
Requestors: pnewkirk [...] cdrg.org
yz [...] pereslavl.ru
Cc:
AdminCc:

Bug Information
Severity: Important
Broken in: 1.009
Fixed in: (no value)



Subject: missing dll
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I have built a simple 'Hello World!' Perl program into an executable using pp -o mytest.exe mytest.pl. This runs fine when the PATH includes the C compiler directory, but if I run it without I get the message 'The program can't start because libgcc_s_dw2-1.dll is missing from your computer. Try reinstalling the program to fix this problem.' Including the library with the -l option has no outward effect, though it is included in the executable (I've unzipped it to verify) and does appear to go into the cache directory (in Par::Packer version 1.008 it was under the inc/shlib subdirectory, and in version 1.009 it is in the main directory). I am running: -Windows 7 Professional -ActivePerl 5.12.3 (32 bit) -MinGW gcc 4.5.2 (where the libgcc_s_dw2-1.dll is from) -PAR 1.002 -Module-ScanDeps 1.02 -PAR-Packer 1.009 Background: I'm looking to build some programs to simplify my organization's internal processes. No one else is familiar with Perl or C, and I can't make people learn or install it on their computers. In the event that I'm away and can't run the processes, I could leave programs to run with simple instructions. pp seems to be a good solution so that I can use Perl, except for this issue. I filed this on the CPAN forum for PAR::Packer, and Roderich's response was: ...it's a bug in PAR::Packer. Please file a report at rt.cpan.org (for distribution "PAR-Packer") so that it doesn't get lost - basically cut+paste your post here. Shouldn't be too hard to fix, because the mechanism to pack some libgcc_*.dll is already there, but it expects this DLL to be in the same directory as perl.exe itself.
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On 2011-04-07 14:12:51, pnewkirk wrote: Show quoted text
> Shouldn't be too hard to fix, because the mechanism to pack some > libgcc_*.dll is already there, but it expects this DLL to be in the same > directory as perl.exe itself.
Not a proper fix, more of a band-aid that should keep you going: - unpack a fresh tarball of PAR::Packer - apply the attached patch - perl Makefile.PL, ..., dmake install # you know the drill - re-pack your script and try the resulting executable Cheers, Roderich
Subject: 67311-band-aid.patch
--- myldr/Makefile.PL.orig 2011-04-11 15:51:02.000000000 +0200 +++ myldr/Makefile.PL 2011-04-11 16:03:58.000000000 +0200 @@ -207,10 +207,11 @@ if ($dynperl and $^O eq 'MSWin32' and defined $Config{gccversion} # gcc version 4.x or above was used and $Config{gccversion} =~ m{\A(\d+)}ms && $1 >= 4) { - # look for a libgcc_*.dll in the same directory - # as the perl executable itself - ($libgcc) = glob(File::Spec->catfile(File::Basename::dirname($^X), - "libgcc_*.$Config{so}")); + # look for a libgcc_*.dll: + # - in the same directory as the perl executable itself + # - in the same directory as gcc + ($libgcc) = map { glob(File::Spec->catfile(File::Basename::dirname($_), "libgcc_*.$Config{so}")) } + $^X, $cc; } $libgcc ||= "";
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Yakov Zaidelman wrote (for duplicate bug #67746): Show quoted text
> - pp hello.pl -o hello.exe > If I do the last command when compiler directory (C:\MinGW\bin) > is in the PATH it works OK. > If I do it without that directory in the PATH I get an error message. > If I create hello.exe it works OK while compiler directory > remains in PATH. But if I remove it from PATH I get the same message.
Definitively the same bug as this one. I've attached an even bigger band-aid. Make sure that you do a clean build (with the patch applied) + re-install of PAR::Packer. If it doesn't work for you, please post the complete build log. Cheers, Roderich
Subject: 67311-bigger-band-aid.patch
--- myldr/Makefile.PL.orig 2011-04-26 08:40:32.000000000 +0200 +++ myldr/Makefile.PL 2011-04-26 08:44:42.000000000 +0200 @@ -203,10 +203,14 @@ if ($dynperl and $^O eq 'MSWin32' and defined $Config{gccversion} # gcc version 4.x or above was used and $Config{gccversion} =~ m{\A(\d+)}ms && $1 >= 4) { - # look for a libgcc_*.dll in the same directory - # as the perl executable itself - ($libgcc) = glob(File::Spec->catfile(File::Basename::dirname($^X), - "libgcc_*.$Config{so}")); + # look for a libgcc_*.dll + # - in PATH + # - in the same directory as the perl executable itself + # - in the same directory as gcc + ($libgcc) = map { glob(File::Spec->catfile($_, "libgcc_*.$Config{so}")) } + File::Spec->path(), + File::Basename::dirname($^X), + File::Basename::dirname($cc); } $libgcc ||= "";
Subject: Re: [rt.cpan.org #67311] missing dll
Date: Tue, 26 Apr 2011 12:57:25 +0400
To: Roderich Schupp via RT <bug-PAR-Packer [...] rt.cpan.org>
From: Yakov Zaidelman <yz [...] pereslavl.ru>
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[Roderich Schupp via RT 26.04.2011 12:08] [[rt.cpan.org #67311] missing dll] Show quoted text
RSvR> I've attached an even bigger band-aid. Make sure that you do RSvR> a clean build (with the patch applied) + re-install of PAR::Packer. RSvR> If it doesn't work for you, please post the complete build log.
Build log attached.
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On 2011-04-26 04:57:35, yz@pereslavl.ru wrote: Show quoted text
> Build log attached.
Logs look OK, esp. libgcc_*.dll is packed into boot.exe Show quoted text
> - pp hello.pl -o hello.exe > If I do the last command when compiler directory (C:\MinGW\bin) > is in the PATH it works OK. > If I do it without that directory in the PATH I get an error message.
This can't be helped: in genereal, any executable linked with gcc may have a reference to libgcc_*.dll, hence this DLL must be in PATH somewhere. Show quoted text
> If I create hello.exe it works OK while compiler directory > remains in PATH. But if I remove it from PATH I get the same message.
This should work now. If not: - did you re-run "pp hello.pl -o hello.exe" after installing the patched PAR::Packer? - please post the output of objdump -ax hello.exe | find "DLL" objdump -ax myldr\boot.exe | find "DLL"
Subject: Re: [rt.cpan.org #67311] missing dll
Date: Tue, 26 Apr 2011 18:55:59 +0400
To: Roderich Schupp via RT <bug-PAR-Packer [...] rt.cpan.org>
From: Yakov Zaidelman <yz [...] pereslavl.ru>
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[Roderich Schupp via RT 26.04.2011 16:35] [[rt.cpan.org #67311] missing dll] Show quoted text
>> - pp hello.pl -o hello.exe >> If I do the last command when compiler directory (C:\MinGW\bin) >> is in the PATH it works OK. >> If I do it without that directory in the PATH I get an error message.
Show quoted text
RSvR> This can't be helped: in genereal, any executable linked with gcc RSvR> may have a reference to libgcc_*.dll, hence this DLL must be in RSvR> PATH somewhere.
I use pp to create exe from perl about two years. I never had C compiler in the PATH and never had problems. There always was a warning (You don't have a C compiler on your PATH) but an exe-file was successfully created and executed on my computer and on computers without any perl or C. Yesterday I had to re-install Perl. So I have installed the latest available versions of ActivePerl and the modules. The Win32::Exe (required by PAR::Packer) did not pass tests after build. I have found this bug in the buglist: it was said that this happens because of the gcc bug. So I had to reinstall MinGW using the latest version. After that all the necessary modules were successfully built, but I cannot create exe and start it without compiler directory in PATH. Show quoted text
>> If I create hello.exe it works OK while compiler directory >> remains in PATH. But if I remove it from PATH I get the same message.
Show quoted text
RSvR> This should work now. If not: RSvR> - did you re-run "pp hello.pl -o hello.exe" after installing the RSvR> patched PAR::Packer?
It does not work. I create hello.exe after each installation of PAR::Packer. Show quoted text
RSvR> - please post the output of
Show quoted text
RSvR> objdump -ax hello.exe | find "DLL" RSvR> objdump -ax myldr\boot.exe | find "DLL"
The result is absolutely identical for both files. I have attached both output files and (just in case it may be useful) fragments from full objdump -ax output.
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On 2011-04-26 10:56:10, yz@pereslavl.ru wrote: Show quoted text
> I use pp to create exe from perl about two years. > I never had C compiler in the PATH and never had problems. > There always was a warning (You don't have a C compiler on your PATH) > but an exe-file was successfully created and executed on my computer > and on computers without any perl or C.
FYI: In general, you need (and always needed) a C compiler to build PAR::Packer. But failing that "perl Makefile.PL" tries to find a pre-built PAR::Packer on CPAN that matches your installation. In the past you just got lucky that it found one. Show quoted text
> RSvR> - please post the output of > RSvR> objdump -ax myldr\boot.exe | find "DLL"
> > DLL Name: ADVAPI32.DLL > DLL Name: KERNEL32.dll > DLL Name: msvcrt.dll > DLL Name: msvcrt.dll > DLL Name: libgcc_s_dw2-1.dll
The last line explains what your seeing: boot.exe is linked against libgcc_s_dw2-1.dll and hence needs it to be present in PATH to run. Same goes for all pp'ed executables because they basically consist of boot.exe concatenated with a PAR file. AFAICT there is no need to link boot.exe against libgcc_*.dll. Looking at your build log, the most likely suspect is this line: C:\MinGW\bin\g++.exe boot.o ... -o boot.exe i.e. using g++ as linker (instead of gcc). That will probably include support for exception handling which pulls in libgcc. Now "C:\MinGW\bin\g++.exe" is just Config{ld} from your Config.pm. Hmm... I understand why ActiveState wants to link "as C++" and that's correct for linking par.exe (which is a special-purpose Perl interpreter), but unfortunately not for boot.exe (which is a standalone executable that has nothing to do with Perl). Please try the patch below (on top of the previous patch) and check if it makes the reference to libgcc*.dll in boot.exe go away. --- myldr/Makefile.PL.orig 2011-04-26 08:40:32.000000000 +0200 +++ myldr/Makefile.PL 2011-04-27 10:16:26.000000000 +0200 @@ -320,7 +324,7 @@ boot$o: \$(MKTMP_STUFF) $my_stuff $boot_exe: boot$o - \$(LD) boot$o \$(STATIC_LDFLAGS) $res $out$boot_exe_link + \$(CC) boot$o \$(STATIC_LDFLAGS) $res $out$boot_exe_link $mt_cmd \$(PERLRUN) parlsig.pl $boot_exe $par_exe $dynperl $chunk_size Cheers, Roderich
Subject: Re: [rt.cpan.org #67311] missing dll
Date: Wed, 27 Apr 2011 19:17:59 +0400
To: Roderich Schupp via RT <bug-PAR-Packer [...] rt.cpan.org>
From: Yakov Zaidelman <yz [...] pereslavl.ru>
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Show quoted text
RSvR> FYI: In general, you need (and always needed) a C compiler RSvR> to build PAR::Packer. But failing that "perl Makefile.PL" tries RSvR> to find a pre-built PAR::Packer on CPAN that matches your installation. RSvR> In the past you just got lucky that it found one.
I understand that and use special environment when building modules. My point was that I have no C in PATH when using pp and exe-files created with pp. Show quoted text
RSvR> Please try the patch below (on top of the previous patch) RSvR> and check if it makes the reference to libgcc*.dll in boot.exe RSvR> go away.
It really helped. Reference disappeared, exe-file was successfully created and started without C in PATH. Great thanks!
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On 2011-04-27 11:18:12, yz@pereslavl.ru wrote: Show quoted text
> It really helped. Reference disappeared, exe-file was successfully > created and started without C in PATH.
Great! Thanks for testing. I've committed the patch, will be in the next release of PAR::Packer. Cheers, Roderich
Subject: RE: [rt.cpan.org #67311] Resolved: missing dll
Date: Tue, 10 May 2011 12:47:07 -0500
To: "bug-PAR-Packer [...] rt.cpan.org" <bug-PAR-Packer [...] rt.cpan.org>, "yz [...] pereslavl.ru" <yz [...] pereslavl.ru>
From: "Paul L. Newkirk" <PNewkirk [...] cdrg.org>
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I'll confirm that the two patches worked to resolve my issue as well. Sorry I haven't been responsive. I'm pretty busy with work, and only get a few moments during the month to 'play' with/research new software solutions. Thanks to both of you for working on this. Show quoted text
-----Original Message----- From: Roderich Schupp via RT [mailto:bug-PAR-Packer@rt.cpan.org] Sent: Wednesday, April 27, 2011 1:30 PM To: Paul L. Newkirk; yz@pereslavl.ru Subject: [rt.cpan.org #67311] Resolved: missing dll <URL: https://rt.cpan.org/Ticket/Display.html?id=67311 > According to our records, your request has been resolved. If you have any further questions or concerns, please respond to this message.
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On 2011-05-10 13:47:20, pnewkirk wrote: Show quoted text
> I'll confirm that the two patches worked to resolve my issue as well. > Sorry I haven't been responsive. I'm pretty busy with work, and only > get a few moments during the month to 'play' with/research new > software solutions. Thanks to both of you for working on this.
No problem, thanks for the confirmation. Cheers, Roderich


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